Sleep apnoea is a sleep disorder characterised by repeated interruptions in breathing during sleep. These interruptions, known as apnoeas, occur when the muscles at the back of the throat temporarily relax, causing a blockage of the upper airway. As a result, the affected individual experiences brief moments of disrupted breathing, often accompanied by loud snoring and disrupted sleep patterns. There are three main types of sleep apnoea:
Untreated sleep apnoea can lead to various health problems, including daytime fatigue, high blood pressure, heart disease, and an increased risk of accidents due to impaired alertness. Effective treatment options include lifestyle changes, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, and, in some cases, surgery. It's crucial to seek medical evaluation and treatment if sleep apnoea is suspected, as managing the condition can significantly improve one's quality of life and overall health.