Insomnia is a sleep disorder characterised by persistent difficulties falling asleep, staying asleep, or achieving restorative sleep, despite having the opportunity to do so. It can lead to various daytime symptoms, such as fatigue, irritability, and difficulty concentrating, impacting one's overall quality of life. Insomnia can be acute, lasting for a short period due to specific life events or stressors, or it can become chronic when it persists for at least three nights a week for three months or more.
Several factors contribute to insomnia, including stress, anxiety, depression, poor sleep habits, medical conditions, medications, and environmental factors. Treatment options range from lifestyle changes and improving sleep hygiene to cognitive-behavioral therapy and, in some cases, medication.
Addressing insomnia is crucial for maintaining physical and mental well-being. Untreated insomnia can lead to various health issues, including an increased risk of cardiovascular problems, mood disorders, and decreased daytime productivity. Seeking medical advice and making appropriate lifestyle adjustments are essential steps in managing and potentially overcoming insomnia.